More than teaching.

Teaching at German schools

Teacher education in North Rhine-Westphalia is divided into two parts: a three-year bachelor’s degree program and a two-year master’s degree program, followed by 18 months of practical training at a school (Referendariat).

All students pursuing a teaching degree must study two subjects, which they will later teach in the classroom. Aside from disciplinary contents, which make up the major share of the bachelor’s degree program, students complete various practical components, including coursework in educational sciences and subject didactics. Furthermore, bachelor’s degree programs are designed in a polyvalent format. Polyvalent means that students have the option to follow up their bachelor’s degree – depending on their choice of modules – with either a Master of Education or a master’s degree in a different academic discipline.

In Bonn, students can pursue a teaching degree for grammar and comprehensive schools or a teaching degree for vocational schools.

Subjects for grammar and comprehensive schools

Students pursue a combination of two subjects, with an equal amount of coursework devoted to each. The subject educational sciences is mandatory for all students as an additional subject.

Subjects in Group 1 may be combined with each other and with subjects in Group 2 (exception: combining Catholic with Protestant Religious Education). Subjects in Group 2 must be combined with subjects in Group 1. 

Group 1

Group 2

Go to teaching degrees

© Daniel Epple
Eine Wissenschaftlerin und ein Wissenschaftler arbeiten hinter einer Glasfassade und mischen Chemikalien mit Großgeräten.
© Daniel Epple

Subjects for vocational schools

To earn a teaching degree for vocational schools, students take two subjects: a Major Professional Discipline and a Minor Professional Discipline. In addition, all students must complete coursework in educational sciences.

Agricultural Science as the first subject (Major Professional Discipline) may be combined with a second subject (Minor Professional Discipline):

Nutrition Science and Home Economics as the first subject (Major Professional Discipline) may be combined with a second subject (Minor Professional Discipline):

Go to teaching degrees

Practical elements of teaching degree programs


Aptitude and Orientation Internship (EOP)

Students usually complete the first practical element towards the end of the first year or during the second year of the bachelor’s degree program. It consists of a school-based internship, complemented by coursework in educational sciences and subject didactics. The goal is to enable students to critically and analytically reflect on actual teaching practice in schools, to consider their aptitude for a teaching career, and to develop a profession-oriented perspective for their further studies.

Duration: 25 days of internship


Vocational Internship (BP)

The second practical element in the bachelor’s degree program usually takes place in a non-school setting. It introduces students to more concrete professional options other than teaching at schools and provides insights into alternative career fields.

Duration: min. 4 weeks (block internship) or 120 hours (during the semester)


Practical semester during the master’s degree program

The school-based practical semester includes classroom observation, assisted teaching, participation in school life and involvement in study and teaching projects designed to combine theory and practice. During the practical semester, students attend seminars at the University and at the Center for Teacher Education (ZfsL NRW).

Duration: 5 months

Teacher education at a glance

© Daniel Epple

Foreign language requirements

To be eligible for admission to the Master of Education degree, you must demonstrate skills in two foreign languages (modern or classical) for teaching at grammar and comprehensive schools or in one foreign language for teaching at vocational schools.  Anyone who earned the German Abitur diploma usually has the required foreign language skills.

The study of some individual subjects also requires skills in classical languages (Latin, Greek, Hebrew). Language skills required for the bachelor’s degree program may be acquired over the course of your studies. For admission to the master’s degree program or practical teacher training, however, proficiency in the classical languages must be documented prior to entering the program.

Unterrichtsfächer, die Fremdsprachkenntnisse erfordern:

  • Lateinkenntnisse (kleines Latinum)
  • Latinum
  • Graecum
  • Graecum
  • Latinum oder Hebraicum
  • Latinum
  • Griechisch- und Hebräischkenntnisse


Avatar Lehrerbildung

Bonner Zentrum für Lehrerbildung

+49 228 73-60050

Avatar Studienberatung

Zentrale Studienberatung

+49 228 73-7080

More information

Student orientation

Check out our student orientation portal for a wealth of services and information to help you make informed academic choices.

Online Self-Assessments (OSA)

Use our subject-specific OSAs to find out whether your desired field of study is really a good choice for you.

Application & Admission

Our application portal features everything you need to know to submit a correct application for admission.

Wird geladen