Simplified diagnosis of rare eye diseases

Uveitis is a rare inflammatory eye disease. Posterior and panuveitis in particular are associated with a poor prognosis and a protracted course of the disease. Diagnosis and monitoring can be challenging for healthcare professionals. Fundus autofluorescence (FAF) is a fast and non-invasive imaging technique that supports this. Researchers from the University Hospital Bonn and the University of Bonn, together with experts from Berlin, Münster and Mannheim, have drafted a review on how FAF can facilitate the diagnosis and monitoring of posterior uveitis and panuveitis. The results have now been published in the journal "Biomolecules".

University of Bonn Household Robots Win the German Open

The University of Bonn’s Team NimbRo was the top scoring team in the @Home league for household robots at the RoboCup German Open, held in Kassel from April 18-20. Developed by the Autonomous Intelligent Systems working group at the Institute of Computer Science, NimbRo’s lifelike soccer-playing robots had the best final-round test results, according to the judges panel. The robots are able to navigate around on their own, grasp and place objects and interact with people via voice dialogue technology. 

A Guide to Perpetual Peace

The Russian invasion of Ukraine and Hamas’ attack on Israel are just two of the many conflicts that continue to shake the world. War would just seem to be part of human nature. Although making this observation 230 years ago, the polymath Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) then proceeded to formulate a 100-page blueprint for perpetual peace. Professor Rainer Schäfer from the Digital Kant Center NRW in Bonn discusses the practicality of Kant’s concept and its relevance for the 21st century.

Alliance calls on G7 to improve access to higher education

“Inclusive Education for Inclusive Societies” was the title given to the latest summit of members of the U7+ Alliance of World Universities, which now includes the University of Bonn as one of only five German representatives. They are demanding tangible action from the G7 to improve access to higher education worldwide, including by investing more in the university system in low-income countries and simplifying the visa process for researchers from conflict-hit nations.

Kant’s Enlightenment Project

He was the founder of the German Enlightenment. His thinking was cosmopolitan, despite never having left Königsberg. Immanuel Kant was born 300 years ago in Königsberg, now Kaliningrad. His philosophical and academic achievements remain. The Categorical Imperative may still be familiar to many from school. This edition of forsch presents two key areas of Kant studies conducted in Bonn, reveals what you can expect in Bonn this year, and provides some scintillating insights that will help you shine during the Kant tercentenary.

AI to improve cataract surgery in the Global South

While the adequate surgical treatment of cataract is guaranteed in high-income countries, the surgical results in the Global South are often inadequate. Video recording can be used to analyze possible surgical errors, improve training and demonstrably optimize surgical results. However, this has been very time-consuming up to now. There are now promising approaches to automating surgical video analysis using artificial intelligence (AI). However, no deep learning algorithms have yet been developed for video analysis of the surgical method commonly used in countries of the Global South. Researchers from the University Hospital Bonn, the University of Bonn, the Sankara Eye Foundation India and Microsoft Research India want to change this and develop a corresponding algorithm. The aim is to improve the results of cataract surgery in the Global South in the long term. As a first important step, they have compiled an overview of previous AI approaches for analyzing cataract surgeries. The results have now been published in Translational Vision Science and Technology (TVST).

Günter Mayer Awarded an ERC Advanced Grant

Which signaling pathways are disrupted by the development of tumors and how can they be addressed effectively? Professor Günter Mayer from the LIMES Institute at the University of Bonn is investigating these questions. The researcher has been awarded a coveted Advanced Grant from the European Research Council (ERC) for this project. The European Union is providing some €2.5 million in funding over the next five years.

University of Bonn Graduate Philipp Strack Is Awarded John Bates Clark Medal

Economist Philipp Strack, who is a University of Bonn graduate and additionally took his doctorate at the Bonn Graduate School of Economics, has received the John Bates Clark Medal—considered the second most prestigious award in the field of economics after the Nobel Prize. The medal is awarded by the American Economic Association (AEA) to economists under age forty living in the United States who have made significant scholarly and research contributions in the field of economics.

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